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T he best time to climb depends on several factors. Normally, the closer a location is to the equator, the warmer the temperature. Since Tanzania, and particularly Mount Kilimanjaro is located near the equator, albeit a very high mountain, it does not experience four distinct seasons. Instead, Kilimanjaro has two wet seasons (rainy) and two dry seasons (not rainy).

The first rainy season is the long rainy season. It begins in the middle of March and runs through the end of May. There is also a short rainy season. It typically occurs all November long. Climbing during the dry seasons is obviously the best time to climb. You should also take into account your schedule and the price of airfare.

However, if you don’t mind the rain, and a less pleasant experience, climbing during the rainy seasons does have its advantages. First of all, there won’t be many people on the mountain. Furthermore, airfare will be cheaper and the rain usually begins in the afternoon. Usually, you’ll already be at camp. Since climbing during the rainy season isn’t very popular, we do not offer group climbs during these seasons.

Location of Tanzania


klilimanjaro weather

T he weather conditions that can cause concerns while climbing Kilimanjaro are generally related to the cold temperature, rain, and/or snow. Though the average temperatures on the lowlands of Tanzania are relatively warm and stable throughout the year, the temperature on Kilimanjaro varies widely depending on the altitude. Even though we recommended climbing Kilimanjaro during the dry seasons, climbers may still experience heavy rains. The mountain’s weather is unpredictable and climbers should be ready for wet and cold conditions no matter what time of year they are climbing.

There are distinct climatic zones at different altitudes with changing vegetation. You’ll pass through five major ecological zones on the way to the summit. As you gain altitude, the temperature drops. So do the precipitation levels and amount of vegetation. While the temperatures in the rainforest are generally very mild, averaging 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperatures during the night ascent to the summit are frequently below zero. Therefore, climbers need to have the appropriate extreme cold weather gear to endure harsh winter weather for many hours.

However, most of the hiking can be done wearing just one or two layers on top (a base layer plus a softshell jacket) and hiking pants. After arriving at camp, people usually will be comfortable putting on a warm, insulating layer such as a fleece or puffy jacket and a beanie.


  • Lows
  • Highs


  • Days


T he best time of year to visit and climb Kilimanjaro is during either of the dry seasons. January and February make the optimal time to climb during the short dry season. July through October are the best times to climb during the long dry season.

However, if you don’t mind the possibility of a little rain and clouds, you can book your trip for the transitional months of December, mid-March, and June.

The short rainy season occurs during the month of November. The long rainy season goes from the end of March to the beginning of June. We do not recommend climbing during these times due to wet conditions. But for experienced backpackers who have endured such conditions before, it is a possible option to avoid the crowds. It is very quiet. You may very well be the only party at a campsite.

You can see more information about each month in the graph. It shows the best months, the amount of clouds, rain, temperatures, and crowds.

January Warm Medium Low High
February Warm Medium Low High
March Moderate High Medium Low
April Moderate High High Low
May Moderate High High Low
June Cold Medium Medium Medium
July Cold Medium Low High
August Cold Low Low High
September Moderate Low Low High
October Moderate Low Medium Medium
November Moderate High Medium Low
December Moderate Medium Medium Medium
Best Okay Not Recommended

full moon Kilimanjaro


In addition to the weather, we mark the climbs that summit on the full moon. On our Dates and Prices page we mark the climbs with a [not full] moon like this:

We schedule group climbs throughout the year that begin summit night under the full moon. Climbing during the full moon gives you a great opportunity to hike without your headlamp. It is very bright.

We begin the summit push around midnight. Headlamps are used to light the path immediately in front of you. On a full moon ascent, you have visibility of the terrain and geography due to the light of the moon.

Keep in mind if you are a light sleeper, the moon is very bright and may make it difficult to sleep. We recommend bringing an eye mask if this is the case.

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